Tweet Those of us who study racial and ethnic relations in the United States recognize that race is a social construction. What race means, the characteristics and features that we attach to it and the classifications within it whether Black, White, Asian, and the likeis not static or primordial, but dynamic and changeable. The meaning of race, then, is conditioned on and by an always shifting, societal context.
I am very excited to discuss subjects that interest me and make people think critically about culture and society. I am looking forward to this personal challenge to hold my own writing with an anthropological community.
I humbly thank you all in advance! Historical Context All the history books that I have read suggest that race was first recognized when the Europeans came over to America and saw the Native Americans. But what did the Europeans think of the peoples on their trade routes?
What was different about the Native Americans that sparked a racial hierarchy to begin? Or is it our history books that are flawed due to being written by either by Americans or Europeans and are therefore biased?
The main concern of the Europeans was religion and how people of different colors fit into that scheme. But this is, nevertheless, the beginning of the mistreatment of people for their skin color…in theory.
Reason for Race, Not Justification It is human nature to categorize things to make our reality more palatable. Also, it is a coping mechanism for status. One does not have to talk to someone to figure out their status if they can just look at them and know according to their skin color, hypothetically speaking.
Now, I am not saying we all do this, but realize that ingrained within each one of us is our culture that society has presented to us since birth. I believe, no matter who you are looking at, you will make some sort of assumption or employ some sort of stereotype to that person.
This may include race but more importantly hierarchy or status judgment. Construction through Society Race is a very dynamic human category. It is not the same anywhere at any given time due to the different constructs set up within a society and the personal translation of that construct.
In America, race started out by the decision of whether or not the peoples of darker skin were animals or men. That is a pretty intense construct to break out of after years of this type of thinking and teaching! We have outgrown this phase for the most partthough, which is relieving.
There is still a commanding argument on whether or not biology has anything to do the color of skin of anyone. Yes, the color of skin varies but does it make someone biologically different to the point of them being inferior or superior?
Conclusion The conception of race is truly in the eyes of the beholder. It depends on who is looking, judging, assuming and has little or nothing to do with biology but the history of a society that makes assumptions or stereotypes of people of darker skin to create a social hierarchy that is visible or easily identified.
Jun 16, · Race and Racial Identity Are Social Constructs Angela Onwuachi-Willig, a professor of law at the University of Iowa College of Law, is the author of "According to Our Hearts: Rhinelander v. What We Mean When We Say 'Race Is a Social Construct' its relevance in modern society, whether intelligence changes across generations, whether it changes with environment, and what we mean. The notion of race as a social construct I am proposing is partially captured by various works. In Takaki’s work A Different Mirror: A history of Multicultural America, race is a social construct produced by the dominant group in society and their power to define.
But the emphasis put behind the skin is the creation of race. The emphasis that is put in place by a sociocultural system is where the interpretation and conception of race stems from.
Race is just an idea and not a fact of inferiority.RACIAL FORMATIONS Michael Omi • Howard Winant Michael Omi and Howard Winant, eds., Racial Formation in the United States, about the concept of race, its meaning in contemporary society, and its use (and abuse) in over creation itself, as theories of polygenesis questioned whether God had made only one.
"Race" is a Four-Letter Word: the Genesis of the Concept. New York: Oxford University Press, Dain, Bruce R. A Hideous Monster of the Mind: American Race Theory in the Early Republic. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, ISBN ; Foucault, Michel. Society Must Be Defended: Lectures at the Collège De .
Europeans invented the concept of race as we know it To change our society, we need first to have the will to do so, accept our history and its ramifications, and then, precisely as we have imagined our way into this mess, we have to imagine a better society into reality.
The first important articulation of the race concept came with the publication of “A New Division of the Earth” by Francois Bernier (–) (Bernasconi and Lott , viii; Hannaford , , ).
The mutability of my racial and ethnic identity over time and space illustrates that race and ethnicity are very much socially-constructed concepts, and that the racial and ethnic options afforded to me are dependent on the circumstances of a particular society at a particular point in time.
Ethnicity is a Social Construction Too February 24, • Zulema • capitalism, ethnic groups, At the same time, the concept and category of race as a distinct social group persists in the contemporary period.
between an individual’s chosen racial identity versus society’s imposed racial identity — facilitates an understanding.