Research paper history of computers

The Ishango bone Devices have been used to aid computation for thousands of years, mostly using one-to-one correspondence with fingers.

Research paper history of computers

The History of Computers Abstract The purpose of this paper is to highlight the history of the personal computer. The research in this paper shows that personal computers were not met with a warm reception when they were first introduced.

Research paper history of computers

At first, computers were huge mainframe computers that had to be built on site and were only used for business. The invention of the PC made it easier for people to create new hobbies, store information, or perform mathematical duties that were almost always done by hand.

The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention. The personal computer has revolutionized business and personal activities and even the way people talk and think; however, its development has been less of a revolution than an evolution and convergence of three critical elements - thought, hardware, and software.

Although the PC traces its lineage to the mainframe and minicomputers of the s and s, the conventional thought that was prevalent during the first thirty years of the computer age saw no value in a small computer that could be used by individuals.

The Altair, introduced in Januarywas the first computer to be produced in fairly high quantity, and it was the first computer to run Microsoft software. Upon further research it was found that in fact, the first personal computer was created in It was named Simon.

Edmund Berkeley first described Simon in his book, "Giant Brains, or Machines That Think" and went on to publish plans to build Simon in a series of Radio Electronics issues in and BySimon computers were sold Veit, p.

Bythe computer was king.

Research paper history of computers

Companies hired armies of technicians and programmers to write its operating programs and software, fix it, and allocate the precious computer time. The capability of the machines was more than a mere mortal could fathom, but gathering raw data and "keying" it in so the computer could "crunch the numbers" was a complicated and time-consuming task.

The turnabout for computers came in Two engineers for Fairchild Electronics decided to set out on their own and open an electronics firm. The focus of their company was initially semiconductor computer memory.

They developed a number of these chips because they were practical and affordable. In an event happened that has changed the world, and set off the microcomputer revolution Shirley, p.

He developed a single-chip, a general purpose logic device that would retrieve its instructions form semiconductor memory. From his design the Intel microprocessor was created. Intel purchased the rights for its product back from the Japanese firm.

This small chip was a key development in the history of the personal computer Pask, p. One such hobbyist was Steven Wozniak.

Research paper history of computers

He and his friend, Steven Jobs were both electronics enthusiasts that work for Silicon Valley companies. Wozniak liked to dabble in computer and electronic projects, so he began the design for the Apple I in Called the “Model K” Adder because he built it on his “Kitchen” table, this simple demonstration circuit provides proof of concept for applying Boolean logic to the design of computers, resulting in construction of the relay-based Model I Complex Calculator in .

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The History of Computers - Research Paper