Countries declare war on another for treaty violations, land ownership and many unreasonable conflicts.
It was set up mainly for the prevention of future wars with its headquarters at New York U. In the beginning there were 51 States who had opted its membership but now the number of member nations has risen to The aims and objectives of the U. It believes that all member States shall settle their disputes by negotiations and peaceful manners.
The member States shall refrain from any threat or use of force against the political independence, or territorial integrity of any other State. The member States will not render any assistance to a State against which the U. The membership of this World body is open to all peace-loving countries who believe in the aims and objects of the Organisation.
New members are made on the recommendations of the Security Council. Members can be expelled or suspended in the same fashion. There are six main organs of the U. The General Assembly, consisting of the representatives of all the member countries, meets every year for couple of months.
Every country has only one vote but can send 5 delegates.
Every vote has equal importance irrespective of the size, population, etc. All important issues decided by the General Assembly needs a two-third majority, but in ordinary matters simple majority is enough.
Next is Security Council. It is the executive body of the U. It is responsible for maintaining the world peace and security. Its five permanent members are: The 10 non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for two year term. The five permanent members have veto power and its resolution can be passed only unanimously.
Its presidency is held for one month in rotation by representatives of its member countries in alphabetical order. Since the permanent member States have veto power, the votes of non-permanent member States do not carry the same weight.
The non-permanent members include five from Afro-Asian countries, two from Latin-American countries, two from European countries and one from East European countries. The Security Council functions almost all the 12 months of the year.UNICEF, acronym of United Nations Children’s Fund, formerly (–53) United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, special program of the United Nations (UN) devoted to aiding national efforts to improve the health, nutrition, education, and general welfare of children.
Nov 19, · By Kevin Noe Castellanos, 12th grade The United Nations Security Council is very well organized, but it is not perfect. It has not accomplished all of its purposes due to its structure and voting process.
The U.N. has the ability to do much for this world, but they must have a slightly different structure, voting. Short Paragraph on United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Article shared by The UNICEF was established in as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund to give emergency relief to children in .
It was named the United Nations Organisation (UNO) and was inaugurated on October 24, Membership has doubled since its inauguration. The present strength is New members are admitted if the five sponsoring nations, USA, USSR, UK, France and China agree among themselves.
United Nations Essay Papers on any Topic.
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Essay No. The United Nations Organisation The United Nations Organisation (UNO), the world-body, was established on October 24, after the Second World War. It was set up mainly for the prevention of future wars with its headquarters at New York (U.S.A.) and the European office at Geneva.